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Biblical genealogy

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Biblical genealogy is the biblical record from Adam to Jesus, and specifies the age of each man (from Adam to Jacob) in this lineage at the time he had his first son. Using this detailed Biblical chronology from the beginning of creation, Bible scholars have been able to calculate the age of the earth.

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Biblical Genealogical Records

The men listed in the line from Adam to Noah are known as the Patriarchs. This portion of the genealogy is provided in Genesis 5. The descendents of Noah's 3 sons (Shem, Ham, and Japheth) are known as the Table of Nations. This genealogical record is provided in Genesis 10.

Adam to Abraham

We will start by defining the year of the creation of the world as AM 1 (Anno Mundi or year of the world) within the Biblical framework we are using to calculate the dates given and the calculation used to define them.

Name (KJ version) Name (NIV version) Date of Birth Age Upon 1st Son Age at Death Years Lived References
Adam Adam 1 130 930 1 - 931 Genesis 5:3-5 (NIV)
Seth Seth 131 105 912 131-1043 Genesis 5:6-8 (NIV)
Enos Enosh 236 90 905 236-1141 Genesis 5:9-11 (NIV)
Cainan Kenan 326 70 910 326-1236 Genesis 5:12-14 (NIV)
Mahalaleel Mahalalel 396 65 895 396-1291 Genesis 5:15-17 (NIV)
Jared Jared 461 162 962 461-1423 Genesis 5:18-20 (NIV)
Enoch Enoch 623 65 365 623-988 Genesis 5:21-24 (NIV)
Methuselah Methuselah 688 187 969 688-1657 Genesis 5:25-27 (NIV)
Lamech Lamech 875 182 777 875-1652 Genesis 5:28-31 (NIV)
Noah Noah 1057 500 950 1057-2007 Genesis 6:8-9:29 (NIV)
Shem Shem 1559 100 600 1559-2159 Genesis 11:10 (NIV)
Arphaxad Arphaxad 1659 35 438 1659-2097 Genesis 11:10-13 (NIV)
Salah Shelah 1694 30 433 1694-2127 Genesis 11:12-15 (NIV)
Eber Eber 1724 34 464 1724-2188 Genesis 11:14-17 (NIV)
Peleg Peleg 1758 30 239 1758-1997 Genesis 11:16-19 (NIV)
Reu Reu 1788 32 239 1788-2027 Genesis 11:18-21 (NIV)
Serug Serug 1820 30 230 1820-2050 Genesis 11:20-23 (NIV)
Nahor Nahor 1850 29 148 1850-1998 Genesis 11:22-25 (NIV)
Terah Terah 1879 70 205 1879-2084 Genesis 11:24-32 (NIV)
Abram/Abraham Abram/Abraham 2009 100 175 2009-2184 Genesis 12:1-25:10 (NIV)

Abraham's birth year is taken from The Annals of the World. James Ussher assumed that he was 75 years old when he left Haran and further assumed that he waited there until after his father's death. But he might not have, in which case he was born up to 60 years earlier.

Further genealogical information

  • Ruth 4:18-22 (Perez to King David)
  • I_Chronicles 1-3 (Adam to Abraham, and from Abraham to King David and Solomon)
  • Matthew 1:1-16 (Abraham to Joseph, the legal father of Jesus)
  • Luke 3:23-38 (Jesus to Adam through Mary)
  • Jude 14 (mentions Enoch as the 7th generation from Adam as per the genealogies in Genesis so there are no missing generations in the Genesis genealogy)

Biblical Chronology

Main Article: Biblical chronology

The Biblical genealogy provides the basis for the chronology of events described in the Bible. Due to the precision and detail of the genealogical record, the chronological record is accurate from the first day of creation to the death of Terah. From Abraham to Jesus, however, the Bible's dates are in dispute.

References

See Also

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