Peleg (Hebrew: פּלג, Pẹleḡ; Greek: Φάλεγ, Phaleg; "Name means::division") (Born::Tammuz 1757 AM-Died::Tammuz 1996 AM) is the first named son of son of::Eber. He had at least one known brother, brother of::Joktan. When he was age of parenthood::30 years old, he had a son named father of::Reu. He lived for another 209 years and had other sons and daughters. His total life span was thus life span::239 years, slightly more than half that of his father and the shortest life span to date in his line.
The name Peleg means "division," and Genesis 10:25 states that "in his time the earth was divided." Georgius Syncellus, as quoted by Ussher, states that the Tower of Babel was built and then abandoned when Peleg was five years old. Some also speculate that in Peleg's time the earth was mapped, or even that some sort of tectonic activity had occurred in that period.
Peleg's descendants lived in Paliga, or Phaliga, on the Euphrates, just about the mouth of the Khabur River. He is also known as Phalga which was also the name of a city located next to the Euphrates.
Some writers, such as Perry Edward Powell and Arthur C. Custance associate the Pelasgi or Pelasgians with Peleg; these were Indo-Europeans who claimed Pelasgus as their first king. Greek Orthodox tradition also affirms this connection. Strabo says in his Geography, "... the Pelasgi were by the Attic people called 'Pelargi,' the compilers add, because they were wanderers and, like birds, resorted to those places wither chance led them." Gamkrelidze and Ivanov claim that the Pelasgians settled the Peloponnesian peninsula "even before the arrival of the Greeks [Hellenes] proper." Elsewhere Strabo cites Greek writers who claimed that the Pelasgians came from Thessaly, and there a people whom Strabo calls Pelagonians are found, so there may be some merit to this assertion. The Pelasgians are said to have "spread throughout the whole of Greece" in ancient times, and when the Danaans came from Egypt, they were also called by that name. The apparently peaceful reception of the Danaans in Greece may well be explained, if those inhabitants of Greece before the arrival of Dan were also Hebrews. The Pelasgians were a sea-faring people who sailed the Mediterranean and were well known as traders. John Denison Baldwin suggests that acknowledgment of the Pelasgians was recorded in Sanskrit which mentions the Palangshu of Asia Minor (Placia and Mysia). They also occupied a territory north of Greece between two rivers, one of which was called the Hebrus River, bearing a name reminiscent of and most likely named after their ancestor, Eber (Genesis 10:25 ). Eventually they were pushed further south by the Thracians and they merged with the Mycenaean Greeks. They seem to be the only people ascribed to him.
- Also Φάλεκ, Phalek, Πάλεγ, Paleg, or Πελεγ, Peleg
- Genesis 11:18-19
- Ussher, James. The Annals of the World, Larry Pierce, ed. Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2003, pghh. 48-49
- Gayre, R (1973). The Syro-Mesopotamian Ethnology As Revealed In Genesis X. The Armorial, Edinburgh, Scotland: p. 26
- Powell, P.E. (1949). Father Abraham's Children, Christopher Publishing House.
- Custance, AC. (1975). Noah's Three Sons: Human History in Three Dimensions, Volume 1: The Doorway Papers, "A Study of the Names in Genesis 10," Chap. 4, p. 3-5. Zondervan.
- Lempriere, J (1788). Classical Dictionary. Routledge & Kegan Paul, London: p. 453
- Bryant (1775): p. 397
- Strabo, Geography 5.2.4
- Gamkrelidze, TV; Ivanov, VV (1986). "The Migration of Tribes Speaking Indo-European," Journal of Indo-European Studies, Sring/Summer, Vol. 13. Nos. 1 & 2: 49-91; p. 53)
- Strabo, Geography 9.5.22
- Strabo, Geography 9.5.11
- Strabo, Geography 5.2.4
- Strabo, Geography 8.6.9
- Baldwin, JD (1869) Pre-Historic Nations. Harper & Brothers, New York: p. 163.
- David Skelly. "The Other Descendants of Arphaksad," in Origins of Nations, April-June 1996.