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United States of America

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United States of America
Location of the United States of America
Map of the United States
Location of the United States of America
Location of the United States of America
Flag Great Seal
Motto: In God We Trust (official)
Anthem: "The Star-Spangled Banner"
Patron Saint(s): Mary
CapitalWashington, DC
Official language(s) None at federal level, English (de facto)
Demonym American
Government Federal constitutional republic
 -  Vice President Joe Biden (D)
 -  Speaker of the House of Representatives John Boehner (R)
 -  Chief Justice John Roberts
Independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain 
 -  Water (%) 6.76
Population
 -  2008 estimate 305,532,000 (3)
 -  2000 census 281,421,906 
 -  Density 31/km2 (180)
80.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2008 estimate
 -  Total 14,334,000,000,000 (1)
 -  Per capita 47,025 (6)
GDP (nominal) 2008 estimate
 -  Total 14,334,000,000,000 (1)
 -  Per capita 47,025 (17)
Currency United States dollar (USD)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 -  Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Internet TLD .us, .gov, .mil, .edu, .com, .org, .info, .biz
Calling code 1


The United States of America is a federal republic comprising fifty states, mostly in central North America. The continental U.S. has three land borders, two with Canada and one with Mexico, and one territorial waters boundary with Russia. It is otherwise bounded by the Pacific Ocean, the Bering Sea, the Arctic Ocean, and the Atlantic Ocean. Of the 50 states, however, there are two, Alaska and Hawaii, which are neither contiguous with the other forty-eight nor with each other, and the U.S. has also a collection of districts, territories, and possessions around the world. Each of the fifty states has a high level of local autonomy under the system of federalism.

Contents

History

U.S. Constitution

Main Article: U.S. Constitution

The United States Constitution is the founding document of the United States of America as well as the supreme law of the land, which was adopted on September 17, 1787 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Generally speaking, it is an attempt to form a comprehensive foundation of governing and political principles/precepts the United States is to live by.

Belief in God

Main Article: U.S. Christian heritage
Religious affiliation in the U.S. 2012.

The population of the United States has always had a strong belief in God. Currently more than 90 percent of the population profess to be theists, with approximately 80 percent identifying themselves as Christians. These figures has been corroborated by a several national polling agencies, and the numbers have remained fairly consistent for than 70 years. For example, a Newsweek poll in March 2007 reported 91% belief in God, and 82% Christian.[1] A poll released by Gallup in June 2011 found nearly identical results of 92 percent. Since Gallup has been asking the question about belief in God, the number has remained persistently above 90% as far back as 1944.[2] Another extensive survey also performed in 2007 by the Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life found 78.4% of adults in the U.S. professed to be Christian, 4.7% were affiliated with other religions including 1.7% Jewish and .6% Muslim. Only 1.6% declared they were atheists and 2.4% agnostic.[3]

These beliefs are credited to the strong Christian heritage of the United States. Christianity is acknowledged as deeply rooted by both historians and scholars. Many of the colonies that became the United States were settled by men and women of deep religious convictions who in the seventeenth century crossed the Atlantic Ocean to practice their faith freely. When the new governments were formed at the state and national levels, most American statesmen shared the convictions of their constituents that religion was "indispensable to the maintenance of republican institutions" (Alexis de Tocqueville).[4]

The Eighteenth century federal government was particularly guided by a Biblical "covenant theology". Church services were held in the House of Representatives, and attended by the President. The government sponsored the publication of the Bible and required Christian moral conduct within the armed forces. Congress proclaimed national days of "thanksgiving", as well as days of "humiliation fasting and prayer".[5] In addition, the founders of the American nation went to great lengths to define the role of religious faith in public life and the degree to which it could be supported by public officials. During this period, congress appointed chaplains for the armed forces and itself, which continue to lead prayer each day during proceedings of the House of Representatives. The Congressional prayer for any given day can be read on the U.S. House of Representatives website.[6]

Creationist organizations

Name Headquarters Outreach Creation POV Facilities
4th Day Alliance Idaho International Young earth
Access Research Network Colorado National Intelligent design
Affiliation of Christian Geologists None National Old earth
American Scientific Affiliation Massachusetts National Old earth
Answers in Genesis Kentucky International Young earth Creation Museum and Family Discovery Center
Apologetics Press Alabama National
Associates for Biblical Research Pennsylvania International
Atlanta Creation Group Georgia Local Young Earth
Center for Theology and the Natural Sciences California International Educational facility (Berkeley, CA)
Common Sense Science Georgia National Intelligent design
Creation Association of Puget Sound Washington Local Young earth
Creation Liberty Evangelism Indiana International Young earth
Creation Moments Minnesota International Young earth
Creation Research Society Arizona National Young earth Van Andel Creation Research Center
Creation Science Association for Mid America Kansas Local Young earth
Creation Science Evangelism Florida National Young earth
Creation Science Fellowship Pennsylvania National Young earth
Creation Science Fellowship of Calvary Chapel California Local
Design Science Association Oregon Local Young earth
Creation Science League Texas International Young earth
Creation Studies Institute Florida National Young earth Creation Discovery Museum
Creation Study Group South Carolina Local Young earth Second Prespertarian Church, Greenvulle
Discovery Institute Washington National Intelligent design Offices (Seattle, WA)
Genesis Creation Science Institute California Local Young earth
Geoscience Research Institute California National Young earth
Genesis Proclaimed Association Virginia Local Old earth
Genesis Science Mission South Carolina Internet Young earth
Indiana Creation Science Association Indiana Local Young earth
Institute for Creation Research Texas National Young earth Offices (Dallas, TX)
Intelligent Design and Evolution Awareness Center California International Intelligent design
Intelligent Design Network Kansas National Intelligent design
Intelligent Design Undergraduate Research Community Texas National Intelligent design
Interdisciplinary Biblical Research Institute
International Society for Complexity Information and Design New Jersey National Intelligent design
Northwest Creation Network Washington International Young earth
Philadelphia Society for Creation Science Pennsylvania Local Young earth
Project Creation
Promise Land Farm Ministries North Carolina Local Young earth Camp
Reasons To Believe California National Old earth
Rocky Mountain Creation Fellowship Colorado Local Young earth
Science Ministries Inc. Virginia National Intelligent design
Add to or edit U.S. group list...

Parks

U.S. mean precipitation from 1979-1995.

National parks

State parks

Other sites

Museums

Creationist museums

Creation and Earth History Museum - Santee, California.


Agencies

Flag of the United States.jpg

External Links:

News

  • Why doesn't America believe in evolution? Growing proportion of America thinks that we did not descend from an ancestral ape. New Scientist. August 19, 2006.
  • The End of Christian America The percentage of self-identified Christians has fallen 10 points in the past two decades suggesting what our nation is about to become. Newsweek. Apr 4, 2009.

References

  1. Braiker, Brian. Poll: God’s Approval Rating Newsweek, Published March 30, 2007.
  2. More Than 9 in 10 Americans Continue to Believe in God Gallup, Published June 3, 2011.
  3. Religious Affiliations: Summary of Key Findings Pew Research Center’s Religion & Public Life Project, Accessed January 5, 2015
  4. Religion and the Founding of the American Republic by the U.S. Library of Congress
  5. Religion and the Congress of the Confederation, 1774-89 by the U.S. Library of Congress
  6. Opening Prayer The Reverend Daniel P. Coughlin, Chaplain, U.S. House of Representatives

External links

See Also

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