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Tribe of Judah

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The Tribe of Judah (Hebrew: יהודה, Yehūḏāh) was one of the twelve Tribes of Israel. Its members were descended from Judah, the fourth son of Jacob by Leah, and were called Judahites (Hebrew: יהודים, Yehūḏīm).

Contents

Symbols

The gemstone of the tribe of Judah was the garnet, which appeared first in the second row of the Breastplate of Judgment. The tribe of Judah also adopted the lion as their symbol, based on Jacob's deathbed blessing of Judah.

In the wilderness

The tribe of Judah camped to the east of the Tabernacle and marched in the first rank, next to the tribes of Issachar and Zebulun.

In the land

The territory of Judah was a sizable territory in the southern portion of the Promised Land. King David used Hebron as his capital for seven and one-half years.

Representative descendants

  1. Two ancestors of this line were Salmon, who married Rahab, priestess of Asherah in Jericho, and Boaz, who married Ruth of Moab.
  2. King David founded a dynasty that never broke until the Fall of Jerusalem to Nebuchadnezzar II.
  3. This tribe was a separate kingdom for seven and one-half years under King David until King Ishbosheth was assassinated and the remaining tribes transferred their allegiance to him. After the death of Solomon, this tribe was the lead tribe of the Kingdom of Judah. Only the tribe of Benjamin joined it. The Levites defected to the Kingdom of Judah after their expulsion from the Kingdom of Israel. The Levites, alone among the tribes, had no landholdings of their own.
  4. Through this tribe runs an unbroken line of descent to Joseph of Nazareth, foster father to Jesus Christ (Matthew 1:1-17 ).
  5. The Virgin Mary was from the tribe of Judah and a descendant of David through the line of Nathan (Luke 3:23-38 ).
  6. Jesus was born in Bethlehem, an otherwise undistinguished town in the territory of Judah (Matthew 1:1-17 ; Luke 3:23-38 ).
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Jacob
 
Leah
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Reuben
 
Simeon
 
Levi
 
 
 
 
 
 
Issachar
 
Zebulun
 
Dinah
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unknown
 
Judah
 
Tamar
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Er
 
Onan
 
Shelah
 
Pharez
 
Zerah
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hezron
 
Hamul
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zabdi
 
Ethan
 
Heman
 
Calcol
 
Dara
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Jerahmeel
 
Ram
 
Caleb
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Carmi
 
 
 
 
 
Amminadab
 
Hur
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Achan
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nahshon
 
Elisheba
 
Uri
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Salmon
 
Rahab
 
Bezaleel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Boaz
 
Ruth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Obed
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Jesse
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eliab
 
Abinadab
 
 
Shimea
 
Nethanel
 
Raddai
 
Ozem
 
Unknown
 
David
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zeruiah
 
 
 
 
 
Abigail
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Abishai
 
Joab
 
Asahel
 
Amasa

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