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Dara (Hebrew: דרע, Daraʼ; "the arm") or Darda (Hebrew: דרדע, Dardaʼ; "pearl of knowledge") (b. ca. 2358 AM1645 BC
2358 AM) was the fifth named son of Zerah and a minor clan leader in the tribe of Judah. (1_Chronicles 2:6 , 1_Kings 4:31 )
Date of Birth
The Bible says nothing of the date of Dara's birth. This date is estimated at four years after the birth of his brother Zabdi but could have been later.
Persistent secular legends from Greece and Rome identify Dara as Dardanus, founder of ancient Troy. At least one translation of the Antiquities of Flavius Josephus, in mentioning King Solomon as being wiser than two men named Calcol and Dara (Darda), gives Dara's name as "Dardanos." So perhaps Dara and Dardanus were regarded as the same man during the first century AD.
As a further complication, the Greek poet Homer says that Dardanus was a son (or descendant) of Zeus, the chief of the Greek gods., The Roman and Greek legends say that Zeus (called Jupiter in Latin) was a son of Saturn who was also called Kronus. Writing of the Greek gods, Sanchuniathon, a Phoenician historian, says that "Kronus, whom the Phoenicians called Israel, had a son Jehud."
From the above, some would cite Homer and Sanchuniathon as testifying that Dardanus (who founded the Trojan kingdom) was a descendant of Jehud (Judah) whose father was Israel.
However, this deduction ignores the repeated custom that each Greek city followed as the cult of Zeus spread to it: they would identify their own municipal god-founder as Zeus and thus subsume their municipal cult into the cult of Zeus. Therefore no identification of Zeus with Judah could possibly be conclusive. In any event the Bible gives no direct evidence that the Zarhites, or any branches of that clan, abandoned the forty-year march of the Israelites and traveled to the Aegean Sea or the Black Sea (called the Euxine or Friendly Sea in those days) to found their own kingdoms.
That at least some Hebrew manuscripts, including the Westminster Leningrad Codex, lack 1_Kings 4:20-34 , including the key verse that spells the name of Dara as "Darda", might or might not be significant.
- ↑ Knowles, E. “Dardanus” The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, 2006 ed.
- ↑ Josephus, F (1926) Josephus. Vol. 5: Antiquities: 8:2:5, pp. 593-595. Translated by H. St. J. Thackeray.
- ↑ Homer, The Iliad. (I. Johnston, Ed.). Arlington, VA: Richer Resources Publications, p. 440.
- ↑ Cory, I.P. (1876). Cory's Ancient Fragments. London: Reeves & Turner, pp. 21-22.