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Sarah

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Sarah (Hebrew: שרה, Sārāh; Greek: Σάρρα, Sarrā; Arabic: سارة, Sāra; "Name means::princess") or Sarai (Hebrew: שרי, Sārāy), (Born::Abib 2018 AMDied::Abib 2145 AM), is a biblical matriarch and the wife of Abraham, the patriarch of Christianity, Judaism, and Islam.

Life and Family

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
granddaughter of::Terah
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
daughter of::Haran
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
sister of::Lot
 
sister of::Milcah
 
Nahor
 
Sarah
 
wife of::Abraham
 
Hagar
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Moab
 
Ammon
 
Bethuel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Laban
 
Rebekah
 
 
 
mother of::Isaac
 
Ishmael
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Leah
 
Rachel
 
grandmother of::Esau
 
grandmother of::Jacob

Sarah was actually Abraham's niece, the daughter of Haran, Abraham's elder brother.[1][2] Her sister, Milcah, married her other uncle Nahor. She also had a brother named Lot.

Sarah is described as "barren," not able to have a child.[3] She would, however, have one child, Isaac, before she died.

Departure into Canaan

In {{#show:Abraham|?Left home}}, she accompanied her husband Abraham into Canaan, after Abraham received a summons from God to enter that land.[4] In 2084 AM, a famine struck the land, and Abraham's household traveled to Egypt, where food was available. There Abraham introduced Sarah as his "sister" to the Egyptians. Sarah was taken into the palace of the Pharaoh, but was later released unharmed and untouched. The Pharaoh gave Abraham's household many gifts. These included a servant girl, Hagar, who was handmaid to Sarah.[5]

Hagar and Ishmael

Sarah despaired of actually having a child of her own. So in 2093 AM she asked Abraham to take Hagar as her surrogate. Abraham did, and Ishmael was born as a result of this union.[6]

When, thirteen years later, three angels delivered a direct message from God that Sarah would have a son of her own, she laughed in disbelief. She was, after all, 89 years old at this time, and was post-menopausal. She tried to deny laughing, but God knew the truth.[7][8]

Birth of Isaac

When Sarah was age of parenthood::90 years old, her son Isaac was born.[9] Five years later, Abraham declared a feast throughout his camp in Isaac's honor. On that occasion, Sarah saw Ishmael behaving toward Isaac in a mocking manner. She then prevailed upon Abraham to send Hagar and Ishmael away. She never saw either person again.[10]

Chronological note

Some authorities have traditionally held that the "four hundred years of evil treatment" (Genesis 15:17 ) begin with this incident. In fact, the Exodus of Israel from Egypt did take place four hundred years later.[11]

Death and Burial

Burial of Sarah, by Gustave Doré

Sarah died in 2145 AM, having lived for life span::127 years. Upon her death, Abraham bought a burial cave at Machpelah to bury her in. He himself was buried later in the same place.[12]

See Also

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Related References

  1. Genesis 20:12
  2. James Ussher, The Annals of the World, Larry Pierce, ed., Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2003 (ISBN 0890513600), pgh. 65
  3. Genesis 11:30
  4. Genesis 12:1-5
  5. Genesis 12:10-20
  6. Genesis 16:1-2
  7. Genesis 18:11-15
  8. This is how Isaac got his name, which means "he shall laugh."
  9. Genesis 21:1-6
  10. Genesis 21:9-11
  11. Jones, Floyd N. The Chronology of the Old Testament, Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2004 (ISBN 9780890514160), pp. 53-61 and Charts 3, 3A, and 3B.
  12. Genesis 23