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Arabic

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Arabic
'العربية al-‘arabiyyah
Spoken in: Algeria, Bahrain, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Western Sahara, and Yemen; liturgical language of Islam.
Region: Middle East
Total Speakers: Native: between 186 and 422 million
Non-native: 246 million
Ranking: 5
Language family: Hamito-Semitic

 Semitic
  West Semitic
    Central Semitic
     Arabic

Writing system: Arabic alphabet, Syriac alphabet (Garshuni) and Bengali script
Official Status
Official language of: 25 Middle Eastern and North African nations
Regulated by: Syria: Arab Academy of Damascus (the oldest)
Egypt: Academy of the Arabic Language in Cairo
Iraq: Iraqi Science Academy
Language Codes
ISO 639-1: ar
ISO 639-2: ara
ISO 639-3: ara
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Extension of Arabic

Arabic (اللغة العربية, al-luġatu l-ʿarabiyyah; العربية, al-ʿarabīyah or just عربي, ʿarabī) is the largest living member of the Semitic language family in terms of speakers. Classified as Central Semitic, it is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic.

See Also

References

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