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Hagar

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Expulsion of Hagar and Ishmael by Gustave Dore

Hagar (Hebrew: הגר, Hāġār; Arabic: هاجر, Hājār; "Name means::flight, Name means::stranger") was an Egyptian-born handmaiden of Sarah, common-law wife (i.e. concubine) of Abraham and mother of Ishmael. Her history is narrated in the Book of Genesis in the Bible.

Hagar joins Abraham

Hagar joined the camp of Abraham in the fall of 2084 AM. Abraham had come to Egypt to escape the effects of a famine in Canaan. When the Pharaoh asked Abraham to leave, Hagar left Egypt with him as a servant for Sarah.

Surrogate Mother

Sarah, being barren at the time, gave Hagar to her husband Abraham "to be his wife", so that he might still have children. She gave birth to a son in about {{#show: Ishmael|?Born}}, whom she named Ishmael.

Before the child was born, Sarah grew jealous of Hagar and treated her badly. Hagar fled, but when an angel of God warned her, she returned and submitted herself to Sarah.

Exile

When Ishmael was fourteen years old, Isaac was born to Abraham and Sarah. Five years later, Abraham held the feast of weaning for Isaac. During this event, Ishmael mocked Isaac. For this, Sarah demanded that Abraham send Hagar and Ishmael away.

The two exiles had between them a loaf of bread and a bottle of water. In the then wilderness region of Beersheba, the water gave out. Hagar placed Ishmael a bow-shot away from her, because she did not want to watch him die. But the pre-incarnate Jesus Christ visited her, assured her that they would both live, and even provided water from a miraculous well.

Thus they crossed the desert. The Bible says nothing further about the life of Hagar.

Genealogy

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Terah
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Haran
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lot
 
Milcah
 
Nahor
 
Sarah
 
concubine of::Abraham
 
Hagar
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Moab
 
Ammon
 
Bethuel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Laban
 
Rebekah
 
 
 
Isaac
 
mother of::Ishmael
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Leah
 
Rachel
 
Esau
 
Jacob

See Also

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References