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Jehoahaz II

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This article is about the second king by this name of the Kingdom of Judah. For the three other kings known by this name, see Jehoahaz (disambiguation)

Jehoahaz II (Hebrew: יהואחז, Yehōʼākhāz; Greek: Ιωαχαζ, Iōachaz; "YHWH has held"), or Shallum (Hebrew: שלום, Shallūm; "retribution") (633 BC-r. 610 BC-610 BC according to Ussher[1], or 632 BC-r. 609 BC-609 BC according to Thiele[2][3]), was the sixteenth king of the Kingdom of Judah and the first of its kings to die in exile (King Hoshea of the Kingdom of Israel also died in exile).

Contents

Life and Family

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Jedidah
 
Amon
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unknown
 
 
 
 
 
Zebidah
 
Josiah
 
 
 
Hamutal
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Johanan
 
Nehushta
 
Jehoiakim
 
Zedekiah
 
Jehoahaz II
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Jehoiachin

His birth name was Shallum, (1_Chronicles 3:15 ) but his father changed it to Jehoahaz later in his life. Why Josiah so acted, the Bible does not say. Perhaps Josiah did this after reading the full history of the Shallum of the Kingdom of Israel, who was a regicide and who died at the hand of still another regicide (Menahem).

He was born in the eighteenth year of his father's reign. His mother was Hamutal (2_Kings 24:31 ). He had three known brothers. The first-born, Johanan[4], probably died in action at Megiddo. Another, Jehoiakim, was his half-brother by Zebidah and was in fact two years older than he. His third, full brother was Zedekiah.

Accession

He acceded to the throne of the Kingdom of Judah after his father died in battle against Pharaoh Necho II of Egypt (2_Kings 24:29-30 , 2_Chronicles 25:23-24 ). Ussher says that the people of the kingdom acclaimed him in order to have a king in the land, in fear of an invasion by Necho. Why the people acclaimed him instead of his older brother, again the Bible does not say[5] (2_Chronicles 36:1 ).

Shortly after Jehoahaz came to the throne, the prophet Jeremiah came to call on him, and warned him that God was angry with the kings of the Kingdom of Judah and that he, Jehoahaz, would be taken prisoner and deported to Egypt and would never see his native land again[6] (Jeremiah 22:1-2,10-12 ).

Reign, Exile, and Succession

Jehoahaz II
Born: Abib 3372 AMMay 631 BC
Iyar 3129 He
Abib 3372 AM
Died: 25 Sivan 3395 AM11 June 608 BC
25 Sivan 3152 He
25 Sivan 3395 AM
Preceded by
Josiah
King of Kingdom of Judah
25 Adar 3395 AM15 March 608 BC
25 Adar_2 3152 He
25 Adar 3395 AM
25 Sivan 3395 AM11 June 608 BC
25 Sivan 3152 He
25 Sivan 3395 AM
Succeeded by
Jehoiakim

Jehoahaz reigned only three months, and seems not to have listened to Jeremiah. He practiced all of the idolatrous evils that many of his forbears (Manasseh, Ahaz, and others) had practiced.[7][8][5] (2_Kings 24:32 , 2_Chronicles 36:2 )

Then Necho returned from his action at Megiddo and elsewhere and apparently exacted a severe punishment for all the trouble that Josiah had caused him. He exacted a tribute of one hundred silver talents and one gold talent. He removed Jehohaz from his throne and made him his prisoner. Then he placed his older brother Jehoiakim on the throne instead of him.[9][10][11][12] (2_Kings 24:33-34 , 2_Chronicles 36:3-4 )

Jehoahaz was forcibly removed to Egypt, and there he eventually died.

See Also


References

  1. James Ussher, The Annals of the World, Larry Pierce, ed., Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2003 (ISBN 0890513600), pghh. 732, 760-761
  2. Leon J. Wood, A Survey of Israel's History, rev. ed. David O'Brien, Grand Rapids, MI: Academie Books, 1986 (ISBN 031034770X), p. 315
  3. Jones, Floyd N., The Chronology of the Old Testament, Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2003, Chart 5.
  4. Ussher, op. cit., pgh. 732
  5. 5.0 5.1 Ussher, op. cit., pgh. 760
  6. Ussher, op. cit., pgh. 762
  7. David Holt Boshert, Jr., and David Ettinger, Jehoahaz King of Judah, Christ-Centered Mall. Retrieved April 10, 2007
  8. Jehoahaz at the WebBible Encyclopedia
  9. Ussher, op. cit., pgh. 761
  10. Jehoahaz in the Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed., Columbia University Press, 2000. Retrieved April 10, 2007.
  11. George Konig, Jehoahaz, King of Judah, AboutBibleProphecy.com, 2007. Retrieved April 10, 2007.
  12. Dennis Bratcher, The Rise of Babylon and Exile (640-538 BC), 2006. Retrieved April 10, 2007.
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