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Philosophy involves the use of reason, logic, and argument in the search for truth and knowledge of reality. It is a systematic inquiry of the fundamental questions concerning the nature of reality (metaphysics), the justification of belief (epistemology), and the conduct of life (ethics), among other things. It principally focuses on causes and nature of things and of the principles governing existence, the material universe, perception of physical phenomena, and human behavior.
Baptist is a term describing individuals belonging to a Baptist church or a Baptist denomination. The faith takes its name from the conviction that followers of Jesus Christ are commanded to be immersed in water as a public display of their faith. The term Baptist has its origins with the anabaptists of the 16th century. Baptists emphasize a believer's baptism by full immersion, which is performed after a profession of faith in Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior. A congregational governance system gives autonomy to individual local Baptist churches, which are sometimes associated in organizations such as the Southern Baptist Convention. Historically, Baptists have also played a key role in the idea of separation of church and state. In the late 1990s, there were about 43 million Baptists worldwide with about 33 million in the United States.
Muhammad ibn 'Abdullah (Arabic: محمد بن عبدالله, Muḥammad; also Mohammed, Muhammed, Mahomet, and other variants) (c. 570 Mecca- June 8, 632 AD Medina), was the founder of Islam and is regarded by Muslims as the last and only true messenger and prophet of God (Arabic: الله Allah).
Muhammad himself is considered an ideal man, al-insan al-kamil in Arabic, he is not considered divine nor is he to be worshiped. He is rather a model in how a Muslim should live his life.
Through Muhammad's example, his life and teachings Muslims can discern the sunnah or "way" of the prophet. Through Muhammad's non-Qur'anic utterances to his personal habits, all ways should be mirrored. One can attain these insights into his life primarily by way of Hadiths or reports of his life passed down orally until finally written down in the eighth century AD. The hadiths are considered written by contemporaries and eyewitnesses to Muhammad. There are thousands of hadiths with some very lengthy while others are only a few sentences. Many were considered fakes, not owning up to what they claimed in the end but through Islamic scholars during the time those that should not be considered were found out.
Muhammad's life as a prophet can be separated into two epochs. One is when he was in Mecca, where he first received revelation for 12 years and painstakingly tried to convert for fourteen years. The other epoch after Mecca has to do with the city of Medina or The City of the Apostle of God.
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- Respond to anticreationist articles regarding philosophy and theology (Talk.Origins Index of Creationist Claims).
- Write biographies for Philosophers.
Plato wrote the following question and answer sometime around 350 BC: "Is the world created or uncreated? -- that is the first question. Created, I reply, being visible and tangible and having a body, and therefore sensible; and if sensible, then created; and if created, made by a cause, and the cause is the ineffable father of all things, who had before him an eternal archetype."Plato, Timaeus.
- Why doesn't America believe in evolution? Human evolution is splitting America apart, with a growing proportion thinking that we did not descend from an ancestral ape. A survey of 32 European countries, the US and Japan has revealed that only Turkey is less willing than the US to accept evolution as fact. New Scientist. August 19, 2006.
- Creationism dismissed as 'a kind of paganism' by Vatican's astronomer Vatican astronomer says that believing that God created the universe in six days is a form of superstitious paganism. The Scotsman. 5 May 2006
- Court Says Atheism is a Religion The Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that atheism should be treated as a ‘religion. August 19, 2005