From CreationWiki, the encyclopedia of creation science
Satan (Hebrew: שטן, Śāṭān; Aramaic: סטנא, Saṭänä; Greek: Σατανάς, Satanás; Arabic: شيطان, Šayṭān; Ge'ez: ሳይጣን, Sāyṭān; "accuser, adversary") is the name of the spirit who is also called the Devil. The name, Satan, means the accuser and the word devil (Greek: διάβολος, diabolos) means slanderer. Jesus calls him a liar and the father (that is, originator) of lies and a murderer from the beginning. He was once included among the "sons of God" as seen from Job 1:6 .
Satan is described as "the accuser of the brethren", "a murderer from the beginning" and as "a liar and the father of lies". He is said to "blind men's eyes" and he "prowls about like a roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour". He desires to be worshipped as God and he attempts to draw men away from the true God.
As a deceiver and blinder of men's eyes he may be seen as the ultimate source of worldwide movements of ideas, such as long ages and evolution and also of false doctrines within the church. Such ideas are used to discredit the message of the gospel and draw men away from the truth. Their worldwide scope and the devotion with which they are held in the face of the evidence testify to a spiritual power behind them.
Origin of Satan
Satan was created by God as one of the cherubim (Ezekiel 28:14) and was known as Lucifer ("light bearer"). Lucifer walked in Eden, the garden of God, where every precious stone was his covering. When created, so too was the craftsmanship of his musical instruments.(Ezekiel 28:13 ) He walked up and down among the stones of fire.(Ezekiel 28:14 ) He was exalted among the angels in heaven, who envied him, and then rebelled against God.(Judges 9:7-15 , Ezekiel 31:3-14 ) When he fell, God caused all heaven to mourn for him, and made nations to shake at the sound of his fall.(Ezekiel 31:15-16 ) Though he was the greatest among the angels, he was brought down to the pit.(Ezekiel 31:18 )
Jesus refers to Satan as the Prince of This World (John 12:31 , John 14:30 , John 16:11 ) and in Ephesians 2:2 he is called the Prince of the Power of the Air. Satan was given unusual powers. In Luke 4:6 Satan says he was given power over all the kingdoms of the world for all time, and to give it to whom he chooses, a fact Jesus does not deny. Hebrews 2:14 says he had the power of death and that Jesus came to destroy him as such. In Jude 1:9 it says Michael the Archangel dared not bring an evil accusation against Satan when they were arguing over the body of Moses, saying only that the Lord rebuked him.
In Job 1:7 and again in Job 2:2 Satan is asked by God during a gathering where he had come from, and his answer is that he had been "roaming through the earth and going back and forth in it." He appears to have access to heaven (Job 1:6), where he is able to make accusations to God about men. He has control over other evil spirits. However, any power he has is only by permission of God; the dualistic idea that good and evil are balanced is quite false.
Satan is also referred to as the tempter, a role exemplified in the temptation of Jesus in the wilderness. Jesus shows the best way to resist temptation, by using the word of God. Satan and his angels are able, within the limits of God's permission, to oppress Christians , particularly by using unredeemed men against them. However, they have no power to affect a Christian internally or spiritually, except insofar as he allows them. A believer can give them opportunity by turning his eyes aside from Jesus and by entertaining sin.
At the end of this age, Satan will be cast down to earth (Isaiah 14:12) and then imprisoned in the bottomless pit during the millenium. After he is released for the final battle, he will be cast for ever into the lake of fire (Revelation 20:10). Hell is therefore the place of his final punishment, not something that he controls or rules.