Plato (Greek: Πλάτων, Plátōn, "name means::broad") (428/Born::427 BC – 348/Died::347 BC) was a classical Greek philosopher, the student of Socrates and teacher of Aristotle. In addition to his legendary philosophizing, he was also a renown mathematician and the founder of the first educational institution for older students, the Academy.
Though the work he produced throughout his life was important, it's equally important to note that many historians believe that Plato was a frequent participant in homosexual escapades throughout his life. According to Diogenes, Plato was originally named Aristocles (Greek: Αριστοκλης, Aristokles), but his wrestling coach, Ariston of Argos gave him the nickname Platon, because of his athletic figure.
Plato wrote the following question and answer sometime around 350 BC:
|“|| Is the world created or uncreated?—that is the first question.
Created, I reply, being visible and tangible and having a body, and therefore sensible; and if sensible, then created; and if created, made by a cause, and the cause is the ineffable father of all things, who had before him an eternal archetype.
At some point in antiquity, it became the tradition to arrange Plato's writings, or what are called dialogues in groups of four called, "tetralogies."
Volume I: Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, Phaedo
Voume II: Cratylus, Theaetetus, Sophist, Statesman
Volume III: Parmenides, Philebus, Symposium, Phaedrus
Volume IV: Alcibiades, 2nd Alcibiades, Hipparchus, Rival Lovers
Volume V: Theages, Charmides, Laches, Lysis
Volume VI: Euthydemus, Protagoras, Gorgias, Meno
Volume VII: Hippias major, Hippias minor, Ion, Menexenus
Volume VIII: Clitophon, Republic, Timaeus, Critias
Volume IX: Minos, Laws, Epinomis, Letters