Disciplines in creationism
There are many disciplines in creationism that aid in the conclusions and study of the philosophy of science and observational science when dealing with the origin of life or diversity of that life. Creationism is a belief system which postulates that the universe, Earth, and life on Earth were deliberately created by an intelligent being. There are a spectrum of creationist or creation science disciplines.
Disciplines in Creationism
History within creationism makes specific claims to specific events said to have occurred in the past. For example, the Biblical genealogies record the lives of a number of people spanning over a thousand years; the account of the Global flood of Noah gives a clear and unambiguous account of an enormous flood, telling how the boat was built, who was aboard the boat, and specific dates for when the important events during the flood occurred. These events either occurred in history, or they did not. Evolutionists deny that these events, recorded in Genesis, are historical.
Philosophy within creationism incorporates a number of philosophical beliefs, but particularly Theistic realism, or the belief that God is real and acts directly in the natural universe. Philosophical naturalism denies that God is real and acts directly in the natural universe.
Science and creationism make specific scientific claims. Baraminology, for example, seeks to find reliable, scientific ways to determine which species are related, and which are not. Evolutionists, on the other hand, assume that all life on the planet is related (Abiogenesis and Common descent) without hard evidence to support the claims.
Analysis of ancient literature and creationism makes specific claims about interpretations about ancient literature. For example, it claims that history and mythology have distinct literary characteristics that make it possible to tell the difference, and that while some ancient literature bears the signs of being mythology, other ancient literature bears signs of being hard, reliable, history.
Anthropology and creationism makes specific claims to anthropology. For example, creationism holds that humanity is created in the image of God, that morality is real and objective, and that humanity suffered a severe decline from approximately 2000 B.C. to the birth of Christ.
Religion within creationism generally leads to religious belief, because once one has acknowledged that the universe, life, and we have been created by an enormously powerful creator, it naturally follows that we would want to know and properly interact with the Creator.
Evolutionists commonly argue that "Creationism is religion and philosophy, not science." This is, of course, both false and a false dichotomy. Creationism is both philosophy and science. It is also history and religion. Whether or not it is True science or False science is another question entirely: a question to be judged on the merits. But the argument that "Creationism cannot be taught in schools because it is religion, not science" simply ignores that creationism makes hard, testable scientific claims, in addition to its historical, philosophical, and religious claims which are less testable.