Y-Chromosomal Haplogroup E1a. Josephus writes, "Phut also was the founder of Libya, and called the inhabitants Phutites, from himself: there is also a river in the country of Moors which bears that name; whence it is that we may see the greatest part of the Grecian historiographers mention that river and the adjoining country by the appellation of Phut: but the name it has now has been by change given it from one of the sons of Mesraim [Mizraim], who was called Lybyos [perhaps Ludim, or "Lubim"]." The Libya mentioned is not identical to the modern day country of Libya, as both Pliny the Elder and Ptolemy place the river Phuth on the west side of Mauretania (modern Morocco). Ptolemy also mentions a city called Putea in Libya. This is likewise indicated in the biblical account where it is said that "Phut and the Libyans [Lubim]" were the helpers of Egypt. Phut, therefore, can be identified as the ancestor of the Libyans and other Berber peoples.
- Josephus, Antiquities 1:6:2
- Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia 5.1
- Ptolemy, Geography iv.1.3
- Ptolemy, Geography iv.3.39
- Nahum 3:9
- In Search of ... the Origin of Nations by C.M. White. History Research Projects 2003.