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Magog (Hebrew: מגוג, Māgōg; Greek: Μαγωγ, Ma'gog; Arabic: مأجوج, Ma'jūj; "land of Gog") was the second son of Japheth according to Genesis 10:2 .



Y-DNA Haplogroup C* (C-M130 includes C6 C-P55)

Chinese and Mongols

The descendants of Magog are often associated with the Scythians, however there was more than one nation of people known as Scythians. Several people-groups were known as "Scythians" in antiquity; at least one was European in race (these later migrated into central Europe) and at least two Asiatic races.[1][2][3] The historian Josephus, in the 1st century, stated:

Magog founded those that from him were called Magogites, but who by the Greeks called Scythians.[4]

Magog's descendants formed a branch of the eastern, Asiatic Scythians. In 584 BC, they were finally driven out of Anatolia and sent back to the areas north of the Caucasus. When residing in the Middle East in the early centuries after the flood, Magog was closely identified with Mushki (Meshech) and Tabali (Tubal) and moved in Asia in advance of them.

The name "Mongol" appears to be directly derived from the name Magog. For example, in India Mongol became Moghul and a large part of China was known as Mangi when Europeans first visited it. The Arabs called the Scythian tribes of Tartary Ya'jūj and Ma'jūj (Arabic: يأجوج و مأجوج‎) which means "Gog and Magog"[5] and the Great Wall of China as "the wall of Magog" (Arabic: حائط الماجوج, Haa'it al-Ma'jūj)[6]. In the 13th century AD, Marco Polo, the Venetian traveler to the Orient, knew that the Mongols were descendants of Magog. He further understood the names of "Ung and Mungu" in China to be "Gog and Magog."[7]

The descendants of Magog migrated via southern Russia to their current homeland, leaving behind such place-names as: Moğolistan, the Mugodzhar Hills, and the Mogoltau Mountains. Among the people of Mongolia, Inner Mongolia, central and much of northern and southern China, Korea, and Japan are descended from Magog. There are just over a billion people in China today. It is no wonder that the name of their ancestor, Japheth, means "expansion", implying a large or expanding race of people. Other peoples descended from Magog include the Aleuts and Inuits (whose facial physiognomy is very similar to the Chinese), and the Samoyeds (Nentsi) who, although having adopted a Finnic language, are Mongoloid by race. Many American Indians also descend from Magog. We also find the Maghs, the town of Magok, Mogadok Mountain, the Mogaung river in Myanmar (Burma) and a tribe known as the Magars in Nepal.[8]

In the 5th to 3rd centuries BC, northern China was divided into several separate kingdoms, constantly battling for supremacy. The Qin or Ch'n controlled the western parts and this may be the origin of the name China. This dynasty was successful in unifying almost all of China by 221 BC. The impact of marauding Mongols restored power to the Han dynasty which stayed in power until 220 AD. after the end of this dynasty, three kingdoms arose, the most northerly found itself exposed to the aggression of the Turkics and others. In the 6th century, the Sui reunited China and the Great Wall was reconstructed. About 400 years later, the Sung dynasty took over almost all of China with the exception of the north which fell to Genghis Khan in the 13th century, who had managed to unite the various Mongolian, Turkic, Tatar, Uyghur, and Kyrgyz tribes under his leadership. His hordes conquered the Indus region, the Euphrates region, the Caucasus and the Black Sea lands. In 1233 AD, he encountered Russian troops and moved relentlessly westwards. Various descendants of his attempted to conquer all of Europe, but failed, due to the sudden death of their leader in two cases. However, it was left to his grandson, Kublai Khan, to conquer most of China and to establish a Mongol dynasty with it's capital at Beijing. Under the Mongols, four classes were established: 1. the Mongol elite, 2. Turkic peoples and other Mongols 3. the northern Han Chinese, and 4. the southern Chinese, who were regarded as "barbarians."

Over 300 years later, the Ming successfully organized a rebellion against the Mongol rulers and drove them out, establishing their capital at Nanking and later returning it to Beijing. They were in turn overthrown by the Ching dynasty which originated in Manchuria. Today China has just over 1.3 billion people. Yet, according to a census of China about 1 AD comprising almost all of the area which is today still known as China, she had 60 million inhabitants. Although it is thought that this figure may have been underestimated as there were advantages in not being counted. China, although inhabited in the main by descendants of Magog, also includes some descendants of Gomer and Javan.

See Also

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  1. White, CM (2003) In Search of ... The Origin of Nations History Research Projects. 1st Book Library: p. 195
  2. Coon, CS (1948) Races of Europe. MacMillan, New York: p. 196
  3. Kachur, V (1972) The Trans-Caucasion Migration of the Rusi Tribes. Dublin, Ohio: p. 1-2
  4. Josephus, Antiquities 1:6:2
  5. Qur'an 21:96.
  6. Haddon, AC (1912) The Wanderings of Peoples. Oxford University Press: p. 32
  7. Polo, M (1300) Travels. Edited by Bohn. Library Publishers, New York, 1854: p. 87
  8. White, CM (2003) In Search of ... The Origin of Nations History Research Projects. 1st Book Library: p. 195

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