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Structure of Hemoglobin.

Biochemistry or biological chemistry is the branch of science dealing with the chemical compounds, reactions and other processes that occur in living organisms [1] Includes but is not limited to living matter. It is a branch of organic chemistry. Much of biochemistry deals with the structures, functions and interactions of cellular components such as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids and other biomolecules.

Cell components


Main article: Carbohydrates

The carbohydrate or sugars are the most abundant biomolecules in nature, consisting mainly of Carbon hydrogen and oxygen,[2] Sorted by size, carbohydrates can be denominated monosaccharides, oligosaccharides or polysaccharides.[3]


  1. Smith, A. D.; Datta, S. P.; Smith, G. H.; Campbell, P. N.; Bentley, R.; McKenzie, H. A., ed. (2000). Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (revised ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 70. ISBN 0-19-850673-2. 
  2. Alberts, Bruce; Johnson, Alexander; Lewis, Julian; Raff, Martin; Roberts, Keith; Walter, Peter (2010) (in Portuguese). Biologia Molecular da Célula [Molecular Biology of the Cell] (5th ed.). Porto Alegre: Artmed. p. 55. ISBN 978-85-363-2066-3. 
  3. Karp Gerald (2008). Cell and Molecular Biology:Concepts and Experiments (5th ed.). New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons. p. 42-47. ISBN 978-0-470-04217-5.