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Netherlands

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Koninkrijk der Nederlanden
Nederland
Location of the Netherlands on the European continent
Map of the Netherlands
Location of the Netherlands on the European continent
Location of the Netherlands on the European continent
Flag Coat of Arms
Motto: 
Je maintiendrai (French)
Ik zal handhaven (Dutch)
I will hold firm (English)
Anthem: "Het Wilhelmus"
Patron Saint(s): Saint Plechelm
Capital
(and largest city)
Amsterdam
Official language(s) Dutch
Recognised regional languages Frisian (in Friesland), Papiamento (in Bonaire), English (in Sint Eustatius and Saba)
Demonym Dutch
Government Constitutional monarchy,
Unitary parliamentary representative democracy
 -  Queen Beatrix
 -  Prime Minister (Demissionary) Mark Rutte
 -  Deputy Prime Minister (Demissionary) Maxime Verhagen
Legislature States-General
 -  Upper house Senate
 -  Lower house House of Representatives
Independence As result of the Eighty Years' War from the Habsburg Empire 
 -  Declared 26 July 1581 
 -  Recognised 30 January 1648 
Area
 -  Total 41,543 km2 (135th)
16,039 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 18.41
Population
 -  2012 estimate 16,730,007 (61st)
 -   census 16,730,007 
 -  Density 404.6/km2/km2 (28th)
1,047.9/sq mi/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $704.034 billion 
 -  Per capita $42,183 
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $840.433 billion 
 -  Per capita $50,355 
Gini (2006) 30.9 
HDI (2011) increase 0.910 (very high) (3rd)
Currency Euro (€)[a]: Netherlands, United States dollar ($): Caribbean Netherlands
Time zone CET and AST
(UTC+1 and −4)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST and AST
 (UTC+2 and −4)
Drives on the right
Internet TLD .nl
Calling code +31, +599
a. ^ Prior to 2002, the national currency was the Dutch guilder (ƒ).


The Netherlands (Dutch: Nederland), officially the Kingdom of the Netherlands (Dutch: Koninkrijk der Nederlanden) is a country in the northwest of Europe. It borders the North Sea, Belgium and Germany. It is also referred to by the collective name of its two main provinces: Holland. Its capital city is Amsterdam.

History

References

External Links