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Holocaust

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The "Arbeit macht frei" ("Work makes free") sign at the main gate of the Auschwitz I concentration camp in German-occupied Poland.

The Holocaust (Greek: ὁλόκαυστος, holókaustos;), also known as the Shoah (Hebrew: השואה, HaShoah) was the genocide of approximately six million European Jews during World War II. The exact number of deaths may never be known. But Europe contained 9.2 million Jews before the war and only 3.1 million after the end of the war.[1] The genocide occurred under the government of Nazi Germany led by Adolf Hitler. A third of the Jewish people and about 70% of the European Jewry was destroyed by Hitler´s savagery.[2]

Prelude to the Holocaust

After the great economic crash of October 1929 Europe saw many extremist ideologies arising. In central and eastern Europe, the Jews were excluded from most economic activities.


References

  1. Gilbert, Martin, ed. (1990). The Illustrated Atlas of the Jewish Civilization. New York: MacMillan. p. 183. ISBN 0-02-543415-2. 
  2. Barnavi, Eli, ed. (1992). A Historical Atlas of the Jewish People. New York: Schocken Books. p. 226-239. ISBN 0-8052-4127-2. 

External links

The holocaust at Wikipedia