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Exodus

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The Israelites Leaving Egypt.
This article is about the book in the Bible having this name. For the major event that this book describes (among other events), see Exodus of the Israelites.

The Book of Exodus (Greek: Εξοδος, Exodōs; "Name means::departure") or Shemot (Hebrew: שמות, Shemōt; "names") is the second book of the Bible. It gives the description of the great Exodus of the Israelites from Egypt, the basis and manner of celebration of Passover, the first listing of the Ten Commandments, and a complete description of the Tabernacle that the Israelites used for four hundred eighty years, until Solomon finally built the first permanent structure, the Temple of Jerusalem, for worship of God.

Timeline

It is now thought that the Israelite Oppression occurred during the 12th dynasty. Moses was born towards the end of the 12th dynasty during the reign of Amenemhet III. The Exodus of the Israelites most likely occurred towards the end of the 13th dynasty when Neferhotep was the Pharaoh, 430 years after the Israelites first came to Egypt.

A schematic diagram illustrating the relationship between the Egyptian Kingdoms and dynasties and the various phases of Israel as the Israelites grew to be a nation while they were in Egypt and then as they traveled to the promised land where they were ruled initially by Judges and later by Kings. The nation of Israel became divided into North (Israel) and South (Judah) after Solomon. There was no first intermediate period.

See Also

References