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Ape is a punished man

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Evolution of Ape from man as a result of punishment

Man from Ape is an Evolutionist theory and belief of materialistic science. Science itself is benign and does not have (a) Language (b) Religion (c) Region (d) No definition in term of living and non-living (e) it is not confined to tangible or intangible. In all such spheres Science is acceptable and respectable. Simply, we can say that no life without water and no truth without science. There is a high correlation between materialism and atheism as atheism is fundamentally a materialistic philosophy. Materialism is delivering education to student leading them to undervalue unseen aspects of life. They are also undermining science making it an atheistic intellectual progressive property. Science and Religion cannot be followed jointly declaring them as two separate entities and follower of a religion cannot be faithful to science or it is very hard for a religious person to be a student of science and religion simultaneously, thus materialist’s used a phrase of Pseudo Science for all creationists.

Ape History in Religions

Zoroastrianism, Buddhism, Taoism, Jainism, Mahavira, Christianity & Roman Catholicism etc. have no history of evolution of man from ape or ape from man, inspite of the fact that subject of all these religions is man, but no specific mention of Ape could be traced. However, in Hinduism Deity Hanuman was born on the full moon day of the Hindu lunar month of Chaitra. Hanuman was born as the son of Vanar raj (king) Kesari (father) and Anjani (mother).This Hanuman Deity is tail like Monkey.

Judaism provides traces of Ape [1]:

  • To see an ape in a dream is unlucky, because of his ugliness (Ber.57b).
  • There was a legend to the effect that of the three classes of men that built the Tower of Babel, one was turned into Apes (Sanh. 109a; compare Yalḳ., Gen. 62).
  • The Mohammedans have a legend, referred to in the Koran (suras ii. 61, 62; vii. 163), to the effect that certain Jews dwelling at Elath on the Red sea in the days of David, who yielded to the temptation to fish on the Sabbath, were turned into Apes as a punishment for Sabbath-breaking (Lane, "Thousand and One Nights," iii. 550).


      • In Islam evolution of Ape from man as a punishment is very clear and anyone can see two verses of Holy Quran viz 2:65 “And you surely knew those of you who violated the Sabbath. We said to them, “Be despicable apes!” & 2:66 “Thus We made it a deterrent for their generation, and for subsequent generations, and a lesson for the righteous” [2].

Horizons of Evolution

The word Evolution means gradual change. Basically word evolution is used in connection with Biological evolution and General Theory of Evolution with speculation that all life originated through purely natural processes without any act of creation. It is further theorized that all life on earth originated from single ancestral cell that cell evolved chemically. The distinction between these two uses of the word "Evolution" is important, because creationism acknowledges that biological evolution, which is simply the process whereby characteristics change within a population over time. That population’s change through time is a demonstrable, repeatable, observable fact acknowledged by both creationists and evolutionists. We know that failure to evolve in response to environmental changes can, and often does, lead to extinction. However, the ability of mutations to generate new genetic information is unsubstantiated, and common descent is a historical claim based on unfalsifiable philosophical assumptions. Creationists dispute these aspects of the theory of evolution [3].

The theory of Evolution describes that all living species have a start from a single living cell without giving details of origination of First Cell remarking this evolution as a natural accident. The most important development that made this theory the hot topic of science was the book “The Origin of Species” written by Charles Darwin which was published in 1859. Darwin refuted that different living species on our earth were created separately by God. Instead, he pointed out that all living beings had a common ancestor and they diversified over time through small changes. Most controversial amongst the suggested species are Ape versus Man. However, on the basis of modern research, it can be derived that Evolution doesn't say we evolved from Apes It says we share a common ancestor with Apes. We share an even closer common ancestor with Chimpanzees. Humans and chimps share 96%-98% DNA similarities.

Today’s best known Darwinian apologist is Richard Dawkins, writer of famous book God Delusion. In his new book lives up to his legendary reputation of creative tale-telling. Just how strong are Richard Dawkins’ arguments? Does he present anything new? Do his claims stand up when subjected to careful scrutiny? Richard Dawkins clearly thinks so. In chapter 1 of his book, entitled only a theory? Dawkins remarks:


Evolution is a fact. Beyond reasonable doubt, beyond serious doubt, beyond sane, informed, intelligent doubt, beyond doubt evolution is a fact. The evidence for evolution is at least as strong as the evidence for the Holocaust, even allowing for eye witnesses to the Holocaust. It is the plain truth that we are cousins of chimpanzees, somewhat more distant cousins of monkeys, more distant cousins still of aardvarks and manatees, yet more distant cousins of bananas and turnips…continue the list as long as desired. That didn’t have to be true. It is not self-evidently, tautologically, obviously true, and there was a time when most people, even educated people, thought it was not. It didn’t have to be true, but it is. We know this because a rising flood of evidence supports it. Evolution is a fact, and this book will demonstrate it. No reputable scientist disputes it, and no unbiased reader will close the book doubting it.

One wonders, of course, how many times Richard Dawkins believes that he has to rephrase the core contention of his book in order to legitimize it! [4]


Darwinians do not care for mental faculties. If man developed sense of right and wrong, why have not our near relatives of the monkey family developed a conscience, although they had the same chance as man? Why should man have a conscience and monkeys have none? Hence, evolution of man from ape raise the question of good from bad that Apes were granted reward of goodness. This point is contrary to facts disclosed by geography, biology and religion believes. On the other hand point of creation, ultimately a source of evolution of ape from man as a punishment to a group/class of mankind hold good reasons to be considered in light of facts give by religion sources which have more weight comparing it with ape deliver man. Physiology and inability to change the biological environment for betterment of apes by apes is a solid proof of accepting creation of man from original piece of man and not from copying it from apes. Many people consider homology to be proof of evolution because they think that common ancestry is the only explanation for such similarities. But they have overlooked another, more reasonable explanation for homology. In His wisdom, God created the very best designs for certain functions, and He used those designs in various living things because many organisms carry out similar functions e.g. the codon AUG codes for the same amino acid Methionine in all living things. Most codes are universal whether it is human, a bird or a worm, codons are the same. The difference in genetic codes lies in the order in which the codons are arranged. The Bible clearly states, then the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being (Genesis 2:7).

Formula of Creation of Man

As we all know the creation of man is the finest creation of God as He revealed in Quran: (Surat At-Tin 95:4) Verily, We created man in the best stature (mould). Formula of Creation of man from the contents of Peak of Eloquence (Nahjul Balagha) Sermon No. 1 (page-144) is reproduced:

Allah then gathered together earth having various properties (hard, soft, saline, acidic, etc., having different colours and humours). He moistened it and allowed it to ferment till it became one cohesive mass and took up a form (perhaps amino-acid). He then allowed this shapeless mass having to take up a shape, various twists and curves in its body and many limbs, joints and segments. He then allowed this figure to remain for a period known to Him till (its central structure of bones) started getting solidified and became solid and strong enough to support the whole figure and to bear its weight. It continued like that for a period of time and then He infused into it the Divine spirit and the figure stood up as a man. This creation was an intelligent and rational being, using intellect instead of instinct and having complete control of mental faculties and full command over his limbs. He further had natural sagacity and wisdom, to differentiate between right and wrong, between truth and falsehood and between justice and injustice; and he could distinguish between various tastes, colours, smells as well as between different species (of things plants and animals around him). This creature (man) had a body constituted and composed of substance having contradictory, conflicting and divergent properties as well as compatible, agreeing and harmonious qualities, having intrinsic heat and cold and latent humidity and dryness”. [5]

Quranic verdict ( Chapter-4 Verse:1) O people! Fear your Lord, who created you from a single soul, and created from it its mate, and propagated from them many men and women. And revere God whom you ask about, and the parents. Surely, God is Watchful over you. [6]

Law of nature for uni/multi cellular is the same

Ancestor or common ancestry denotes any organism, population, or species from which some other organism, population, or species is descended by reproduction. Origin of life from single cell is not a matter of first life this is still in progress in term of time (i.e. past and future), because it is logically acceptable that one male or female can reproduce his/her likeness as an offspring without using any kind of sexuality (e.g. Somatic cells which reproduce only by Mitosis). Generally, Asexual reproduction means reproducing without the interaction of two sexes or genders, whereas Sexual Reproduction involves the fusion of two special cells called Gametes, one from a male source and one from a Female source. In Asexual reproduction before a cell divides, its nucleus divides. Each chromosome is copied, and each nucleus receives the same genetic material that is genes, made of DNA. As each cell divides into two, the resulting “daughter” cell is therefore exact copies of one other. Biology tells us that prokaryotic cells are always unicellular and eukaryotic cells are often multicellular, whereas prokaryotic cells reproduce/divide by binary fission and eukaryotic cells reproduce/divide by mitosis/meiosis. Therefore we cannot deny the process of Asexual reproduction in Haploid or Diploid a preposition for Syngamy or fertilization.

As a general rule, animals cannot reproduce asexually. However, there are exceptions. Amoebas and other single-celled organisms reproduce asexually, being too small to have gender. Certain larger animals may reproduce asexually through either: parthenogenesis under certain circumstances (that is, reproduction via self-cloning), gynogenesis (via the catalyst of a male nearby which does not actually fertilize the eggs). Greenflies clone themselves once every 20 minutes. Whiptail lizards, Aphids, some bees wasps and hornets, some fish and water fleas reproduce by parthenogenesis. Komodo Dragons, some sharks, some snails do as well. [7]


Asexual reproduction only involves one organism while sexual reproduction requires both a male and a female. Some plants and unicellular organisms reproduce asexually. Most mammals and fish use sexual reproduction. Some organisms like Aphid, Corals can reproduce either sexually or asexually. But, over several generations, lack of sexual reproduction compromises their ability to adapt to the environment because they do not benefit from the genetic variation introduced by sexual reproduction. There is very little chance of variation with asexual reproduction and less time is consumed as compared to sexual. Mutations in DNA can still occur but not nearly as frequently as sexual reproduction. Sexual reproduction leads to genetic variation in new generations of offspring. This variation provides protection to organism from environmental exigencies. It creates species that can adapt to new environments and that cannot be wiped out by a single disease. However, sexual reproduction requires significant energy on the part of the organism to find a mate. It is not well suited to organisms that are isolated or stuck in place.

Thus, life from single cell and reproduction with or without fission and fusion is not the matter of biological dispute between evolutionists and creationists. Law of nature for reproduction in unicellular or multi-cellular is still same since inception to date and variation is time constraint to meet the environmental exigencies to satisfy the natural laws with respect to dimensions of time and space.

Hybrid and Humanzee

Species means the lowest taxonomic rank of biological classification or an individual belonging to a group of organisms having common characteristics and are capable of mating with one another to produce fertile offspring. Taking advantage of our inability to go back in the past and watch the development of modern species, materialists postulate the Darwinian Evolution as science of biology. Their theory-cum-philosophy is simply a belief being constructed on scientific method. Thus, theory of accident and contaminated natural selection provides a tool of making material to be living things and a scheme to give chance to spontaneous generation of some plants from lifeless matter. In due course of time, some plants became invertebrate animals; of those invertebrates some produced vertebrates and marine animals. Later on, some marine animals became amphibians and some amphibians resulted in reptiles. These reptiles were ancestor of all mammals. To accomplish the materialist’s philosophy the book “Origin of Species” written by Charles Darwin in 1859 had become sacred law book for all evolutionists. This book prescribes a rebuttal of Adam (a single ancestor of all mankind) and place the ape on the domain of origin of man. Thus, this is a common disintegration of mankind by propagation of scientific fiction of common ancestor.


Species are immutable, even plant-hybrids are not permanent. If Darwinian evolution be true, Hybrids would seem to be nature’s most available means of producing new species. However, sterility of hybrids defeats that possibility and refutes the claim of the formation of new species.


Ilya Ivanovich Ivanov was a Russian and Soviet biologist who specialized in the field of artificial insemination and the interspecific hybridization of animals. He was involved in controversial attempts to create a human-ape hybrid [8]. In the 1920s biologist Ivanov carried out a series of experiments to create a human/nonhuman ape hybrid, Working with human sperm and female chimpanzees, he failed to create a pregnancy. On February 28, 1927, Ivanov inseminated two female chimpanzees with his own sperm. On June 25, his son inseminated a third chimpanzee with his sperm [9] (but no desired result could achieve).

DNA and theory of Evolution

Is the theory of evolution testable? This is a necessary requirement for any respectable scientific theory, and it seems that it would be very difficult to figure out a way to test evolution. After all, we cannot go back and watch the development of our modern species. That kind of history does not repeat itself, so direct observation of past evolution is not possible. We can observe modern evolutionary processes in action. However, this does not answer the questions about testing the evolutionary past. In fact, we can test the theory of evolution and the test comes from one of the most progressive and up-to-the-minute facets of modern science: biotechnology. In the second half of the 20th century, we have made tremendous advances in our understanding of the molecular basis of life. Our knowledge of DNA — a substance whose significance the people of Darwin's day did not even imagine — has provided some profound insight into the real nature of life [10]. The very basis of evolution revolves around mutation. Mutations add information. Evolution can cause an increase in information (gist of Claim CB102 and response thereof) [11]. It is clear that mutation is the source of the vast majority of DNA variations. However, it is a known fact that occasionally genetic material is transferred between species, resulting in new variation for the recipient species. This is particularly true at the level of primitive single-cell organisms such as bacteria. Recent research has shown that small amounts of DNA also have been transferred by viruses between more complex organisms such as birds and mammals, including humans. When a new DNA sequence appears in the genome of a species in this manner, it has the same effect as mutations--nature can select for or against it resulting in evolution [12].

Mutation and Evolution

Somatic-Mutation.jpg
Mutation-sperm-egg.jpg

Mutation: Everyone is born with several genes that are faulty due to recessive mutations but which usually do not cause a problem (the backup system is in place). Occasionally, an error may occur during the replication of the gene or the chromosome. The gene may become modified or the chromosome may be altered. This is called mutation. Mutations also occur in normal body cells. These are called somatic mutations. Somatic mutation cannot be passed on from parents to their offspring. If a mutation occurs during gamete production, the resulting genetic change can be inherited by the offspring. DNA sequence variations are sometimes described as mutations and sometimes as polymorphisms. A mutation is defined as any change in a DNA sequence away from normal. In contrast, a Polymorphism is a change in DNA sequence, which is common in a population. Polymorphism is very important in increasing biodiversity and adapting to a particular environment. The characters are heritable, and they are transferred from one generation to another. The difference between Mutation and Polymorphism is:

(A) Mutations occur mainly in one or two individuals, and that is more often less than 1% of the population. Mutations may be or may not be harmful to the individual.


(B) Polymorphism is more often found in a population in common. Therefore, it occurs at least in 1% of the individuals of the population. Polymorphism also may be harmful to individuals or may not be. However, more often it is for the benefit of the individuals in a population to be better adapted to a particular environment. [13].


Mutations are broadly categorized in six ways as Point mutation-change will occur in one gene sequence. Frame shift mutation -change occur as addition or deletion of one or more base sequence in gene, Deletion mutation-this mutation is more or less related to frame shift mutation but in this more bases deleted which may affect large number of genes in chromosome, Insertion mutation- is the addition of additional bases in gene, Inversion mutation- Entire DNA strand get inverted or say all base sequence get reversed, DNA expression Mutation- causes the variation in DNA expression process , so less or more protein get synthesized [14]

Human cells normally contain 23 pairs of chromosomes, for a total of 46 chromosomes in each cell. A change in the number of chromosomes can cause problems with growth, development, and function of the body’s systems. These changes can occur during the formation of reproductive cells (eggs and sperm), in early fetal development, or in any cell after birth. A gain or loss of chromosomes from the normal 46 is called aneuploidy.


Trisomy - an extra chromosome in cells
one copy of particular chromosome - Monosomy

A common form of aneuploidy is trisomy, or the presence of an extra chromosome in cells. “Tri-” is Greek for “three”; people with trisomy have three copies of a particular chromosome in cells instead of the normal two copies. Down syndrome is an example of a condition caused by trisomy (As illustrated in picture - at left). People with Down syndrome typically have three copies of chromosome 21 in each cell, for a total of 47 chromosomes per cell.


Monosomy, or loss of one chromosome in cells, is another kind of aneuploidy. “Mono-” is Greek for “one”; people with monosomy have one copy of a particular chromosome in cells instead of the normal two copies. Turner syndrome is a condition caused by monosomy (As illustrated in picture - at right). Women with Turner syndrome usually have only one copy of the X chromosome in every cell, for a total of 45 chromosomes per cell. Rarely, some cells end up with complete extra sets of chromosomes. Cells with one additional set of chromosomes, for a total of 69 chromosomes, are called triploid. Cells with 2 additional sets of chromosomes, for a total of 92 chromosomes, are called tetraploid. A condition in which every cell in the body has an extra set of chromosomes is not compatible with life. [15]

Mathematical projection from mutation

The biological instrument for "ape to human evolution" is changes in the genome, especially the genes. Darwinians claim the ape genome evolved into the human genome through changes in ape’s genes and very few changes were necessary because the genetic matter of apes and humans are 98% identical. The total credit goes to mutation specially known as beneficial for evolution of new specie. But mathematical projection given below invalidates the evolutionists claim:


Description Input Data Output for new specie
Mutation variation – Polymorphism 1 0
Beneficial Mutation during fertilization 1 1
Chances of Aneuploidy due to mutation -0.5 -0.5
Infertility because of Hybrid -0.5 -0.5

Mode of punishment

Aneuploidy is the second major category of chromosome mutation in which chromosome number is abnormal. An extra or missing chromosome is a common cause of genetic disorders. The punishment to man through aneuploidy, because of finding similarities evolve the hypothesis that can be a cause of warning and example to mankind. The abnormalities in the skeletons of man and ape can be observed from the sketches given below:
Ape is a punished man and an example for future mankind
Emile Zuckerkandl, was an Austrian-born French biologist known as one of the founders of the field of molecular evolution [16] observed that the protein sequence of hemoglobin in humans and the gorilla differed by only 1 out of 287 amino acids. Zuckerkandl noted: “From the point of view of hemoglobin structure, it appears that gorilla is just an abnormal human, or man an abnormal gorilla, and the two species form actually one continuous population” (1963, p. 247) [17]


In Chemistry, the Creator’s creation is simple for an observer, without commenting on their physics, we note gradual increase in number of sub-atomic particles for new/different elements, and we also know its Isotopes. The structures of elements are common but properties and families are different. In Biology cell holds the like synthesis. Gradual increase does not denote copy of previous structure because of mathematical variations. Considering the existence of an Isotope of an element, Man’s variation to Ape as a punishment is logical. Therefore, Ape is a result of punishment to a class of humans as an example for future mankind and it is not a guide for biologist to consider this transformation as clue to genealogy of mankind.

References

  1. http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/1631-apes (as on 24 Oct. 2013)
  2. The Quran Translated into English by Talal Itani Published by Clear Quran Dallas Beirut, Printed in USA in November, 2012 ISBN: 978-1467948746
  3. http://www.creationwiki.org/Evolution
  4. http://www.allaboutscience.org/dawkins-the-greatest-show-on-earth.htm
  5. Peak of Eloquence, 7th Impression 2012, Printed at Mehrab Press, Karachi, Islamic Seminary Pakistan ISBN: 0-941724-18-2
  6. Quran in Modern English by Talal A Itani. Printed in U.S.A. November 14, 2012 ISBN 978-1467948746
  7. http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_are_five_animals_that_reproduce_asexually
  8. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ilya_Ivanovich_Ivanov
  9. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humanzee
  10. http://www.cod.edu/people/faculty/fancher/MolClock.htm
  11. http://www.talkorigins.org/indexcc/CB/CB102.html
  12. http://anthro.palomar.edu/synthetic/synth_3.htm
  13. http://www.differencebetween.com/difference-between-mutation-and-vs-polymorphism/
  14. http://www.biotechnologyforums.com/thread-38.html
  15. Genetics Home Reference Handbook Mutations and Health - http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/
  16. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emile_Zuckerkandl
  17. P.100 The Truth About Human Origins Apologetics Press, Inc. 230 Landmark Drive Montgomery, Alabama 36117-2752 Printed in China ISBN: 0-932859-58-5