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Rodhocetus

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Rodhocetus
800px-Rodhocetus skull.jpg
Scientific Classification

[1]

Species
Pelvis, hind limb, and the vertebrae Rodhocetus sp. on Field Museum of Natural History.

Rodhocetus is a taxonomic genus of whales that is reputed by evolutionists to be a transitional form offering proof that whales evolved from land mammals. [1] Two species were identified. The first species to be discovered was the Rhodocetus kasrani in 1978 by paleontologist Phil Gingerich.[2]. The fossils of the species Rhodocetus balochensis were later discovered in Balochistan, Pakistan, by Philip Gingerich in 2001. Evolutionists set the date for the Rhodocetus between about 49 million years ago and 39 million years ago, in the middle Eocene[3].

Contents

Criticism

Considering, hypothetically, that the Ambulocetus has lived about 50 million ago (Futuyma provides in his book a date between 48 million to 47 million years ago[3]), this time could not account for more than 1700 mutations between two species which would be a number much lower than necessary for the transition.[4] Another problem is the difference in the type of feeding of whales and land animals. In search of their food, whales need to be equipped for this and this was not the case of Rodhocetos.[5] You need to be equipped for deep diving, underwater communication can take place through sound waves, and the pups suckling underwater need to have enough suction power and the emergence of such equipment is not documented.[6]

The evolutionist misconception: the tail of Rodhocetus

Artist concept of the tail of Basilosaurus. The tail of Rodhocetus was represented in the same manner erroneously. The publication of the National Academy of Sciences shows a hypothetical evolutionary sequence showing Rodhocetus whale with this kind of tail.[7]

Initially the conceptions of the Rhodocetus illustrated as a whale with legs and a tail like a dolphin or like a Basilosaurus. The publication of the ('National Academy of Sciences') Teaching about Evolution and the Nature of Science, dedicated to the promotion of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare, in its page 18 illustrates a sequence of hypothetical claim that animals like whales evolved from land mammals. The Rodhocetus is depicted with a tail similar to the Basilosaurus, animal that, according to this publication, would be the next animal in the chain of evolution.[8] Dr. Annalisa Berta, Professor at San Diego University stated:

"Rodhocetus...[was] using its tail fluke for propulsion thorough the water and not using the hind limbs." (Dr. Annalisa Berta)[9][note 1]

Dr. Philip Gingerich stated in an interview for the video series "Evolution: The Grand Experiment," conducted on 28 August 2001 that:

"I speculated that it might have had a fluke, I now doubt that Rodhocetus would have had a fluked tail." (Dr. Philip Gingerich)[10][note 2]
"Since then we have found the forelimbs, the hands, and the front arms of Rodhocetus, and we understand that it doesn't have the kind of arms that can spread out like flippers on a whale" (Dr. Philip Gingerich)[10]

Gallery

See also

Notes

  1. Interview of Dr. Annalisa Berta for video series "Evolution: The Grand Experiment", conducted on February 16, 1998
  2. Interview of Dr. Philip Gingerich for video series "Evolution: The Grand Experiment", conducted on August 28, 2001

References

  1. Sarfati, Jonathan; Matthews, Mike (2002). Refuting Evolution 2. Green Forest, AR: Master Books. p. 135. ISBN 0-89051-387-2. 
  2. Bembry, R. Renee (11-19-2007). "A look at the evolution of whales". http://www.helium.com/items/707013-a-look-at-how-the-whale-evolved-to-what-it-is-now. Retrieved 9-2-2012. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Futuyma, Douglas J. (2005). Evolution. Sunderland, Massachusetts: Sinauer Associates, Inc. p. 78-79. ISBN 978-0-87893-187-3. 
  4. Sarfati, Jonathan (1999). Refuting Evolution. Green Forest, AR: Master Books. p. 72. ISBN 0-89051-258-2. 
  5. Gish, Duane T (1995). Evolution: the Fossils STILL say NO!. El Cajon, California: Institute for Creation Research. p. 204-206. ISBN 0-89051-112-8. 
  6. Johnson, Phillip E (1993). Darwin on Trial (2nd ed.). Madison, WI: InterVarsity Press. p. 86-87. ISBN 0-8308-1324-1. 
  7. "Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science". 1998. p. 18. http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=5787&page=18. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  8. Working Group on Teaching Evolution, National Academy of Sciences (1998). Teaching about Evolution and the Nature of Science. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. p. 18. ISBN 0-309-06364-7. http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=5787&page=18. 
  9. Werner, Carl (2007). Evolution: The Grand Experiment. Green Forest, AR: New Leaf Publishing Group/Audio Visual Consultants Inc.. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-89221-681-9. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Rodhocetus: Whale of a Tale". http://kgov.com/Rodhocetus-whale-of-a-tail-exposed-by-Carl-Werner. Retrieved September 3, 2012. 

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