Dr. Jack Cuozzo studied at Georgetown University, earning his biology major and philosophy minor, then went to the University of Pennsylvania to get his Doctor of Dental Science, and to Loyola University / Chicago Graduate School of Dentistry, where he earned his certificate of specialty in orthodontics.
In 1979, he began studying Neanderthal fossils with the aid of Wilton Krogman, who is known as the Father of Forensic Anthropology. He has written many books on human origins, and has continued to research Neanderthals. His paleontological studies were conducted on specimens at museums in Paris, England, Belgium, Jerusalem, East Berlin, Washington D.C., Chicago, Harvard University, Southern Methodist Universities, and Paleolithic caves in Southern France. He was the first to take radiographs of Neanderthal fossils.