Nebuchadnezzar II (635 BC-vr. 607 BC-r. 605 BC-562 BC) (Nabu-Kudduri-Usur Nebo, Protect My Eldest Son or Nebo, Protect the Border), or "Nebuchadrezzar" as the Prophet Jeremiah spelled his name, was King of the Chaldeans and final conqueror of the Southern Kingdom of Israel, called "Judah." He was the first of many heads-of-state of foreign superpowers to come to a possibly salvific knowledge of God. Ancient and modern historians have traditionally nicknamed him "The Great." The Septuagint spells his name as Ναβουχοδονοσορ (Nabouchodonosor).
Biblical scientific foreknowledge is the belief that the Bible contains knowledge that shows an understanding of scientific knowledge beyond that believed to exist at the time the Bible was composed. Bible scientific foreknowledge is seen as evidence that the Bible was inspired by God and inerrant.
Biblical scientific foreknowledge is rejected by its skeptics because it is claimed this information was: developed through the efforts of men; was common knowledge; or in some instances was solely done for religious reasons.