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Canaan

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Map of Canaan during the time of the Patriarchs.

Canaan (Phoenician: 𐤊𐤍𐤏𐤍, Kānāʻan; Hebrew: כנען, Kānāʻan; Greek: Χαναάν, Chanaān; Arabic: كنعان, Kanaʿān; "humiliated") is an ancient name that can refer to Canaan, the fourth son of Ham (the son of Noah) and his descendants—the Canaanites—or the region to the west of the Jordan River and the Dead Sea covering all of Palestine, where the Canaanites once dwelt known as the Land of Canaan as defined by the Old Testament[1] as well as Egyptian and Phoenician documentation.

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Son of Ham

"Noah Cursing Canaan" by Gustave Doré

Canaan (Hebrew: כנען, Kānāʻan) was the fourth son of Ham (the son of Noah). He is the progenitor of the Canaanites. After the Global Flood, Noah planted a vineyard and made wine but became drunk. While intoxicated, an incident occurred involving Noah and his youngest son, Ham (the father of Canaan). As a consequence of Ham's transgression of "seeing the nakedness of his father", Noah cursed Ham's son Canaan and his descendants to a life of servitude to his brothers (Genesis 9:20-27).

"Noah began to be a man of the soil, and he planted a vineyard. He drank of the wine and became drunk and lay uncovered in his tent. And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father and told his two brothers outside. Then Shem and Japheth took a garment, laid it on both their shoulders, and walked backward and covered the nakedness of their father. Their faces were turned backward, and they did not see their father’s nakedness. When Noah awoke from his wine and knew what his youngest son had done to him, he said, 'Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be to his brothers.' He also said, 'Blessed be the LORD, the God of Shem; and let Canaan be his servant. May God enlarge Japheth, and let him dwell in the tents of Shem, and let Canaan be his servant.'" - Genesis 9:20-27

Canaanites

The Table of Nations in Genesis 10 lists each of the eleven sons of Canaan and the the location of their territory:

"Canaan fathered Sidon, his firstborn; and Heth, and the Jebusites, the Amorites, the Girgashites, the Hivites, the Arkites, the Sinites, the Arvadites, the Zemarites, and the Hamathites. Afterward the clans of the Canaanites dispersed. And the territory of the Canaanites extended [across the Mediterranean coast] from Sidon in the direction of Gerar as far as Gaza, and [inland around the Jordan Valley] in the direction of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha." - Genesis 10:15-19
"Abraham Journeying into the Land of Canaan" by Gustave Doré

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