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Magog

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Magog (Hebrew: מגוג, Māgōg; Greek: Μαγωγ, Ma'gog; Arabic: مأجوج, Ma'jūj; "land of Gog") was the second son of Japheth according to Genesis 10:2 .

Contents

Descendants

Y-Chromosomal Haplogroup C*.

The Chinese

Let us note the usage of the word "Scythian" in relation to Magog - there was more than one nation of people known as Scythians.[1] In the first century, Josephus noted:

Magog founded those that from him were called Magogites, but who by the Greeks called Scythians.[2]

The descendants of Magog then, formed a branch of the eastern Scythians. Pliny, a noted Roman writer of early Christian times, said "Hierapolis taken by the Scythians, was afterward called Magog.[3]" Of these Scythians Rawlinson wrote of one branch of them:

Pouring through the passes of the Caucasus - whence coming or what intending none knew - horde after horde of Scythians blackened the rich plains of the south. On they came like locusts, countless, irresistible, finding the land before them like a garden, leaving behind them a howling wilderness. Neither age nor sex was spared. The inhabitants would be ruthlessly massacred by the invaders, or at best, forced to become slaves. The crops would be consumed, the herds swept off or destroyed, the villages or homesteads burned, the whole country made a scene of desolation.[4]

The Scythians were a barbarian people - extremely cruel and terrible to the conquered tribes and races. In 584 BC they were at last driven out of Anatolia and sent back to the vast areas north of the Caucasus. When residing in the Middle East in the early centuries after the flood, Magog was always closely identified with Mushki and Tabali[5] and moved in Asia in advance of them. The following is a quote from another work of Milner Russia Japhet, long out of print

From the high-lands of Pamir, in the heart of central Asia, whereon, according to the arguments of some of the earlier chapters of this treatise, the Japhetic races grew into national existence, an easy highway leads to-wards the eastern half of Asia. The Tarim river, whose valley this route would follow ... loses itself on the edge of the Gobi desert. The basin of this river, forming a broad expanse between the Tia-shan mountains on the North and the range of Kuenlum to southward, is one continual camping ground. Where those mountain barriers end begins the country called Mongolia, the original home of the Mongol race.

The word Mongolian is one which is frequently used to denote the whole population of inner and northern Asia.At the outset we must carefully define a term like this. The type of race so often, called in manuals of ethnology 'Mongolian', let us designate by the term 'Turanian' - the significance of which is co-extensive with the scriptural, 'Japhetic' ... 'Mongol' must be reserved as the title of that race which, however far afield it may since have wandered, issued from the territory distinctively designated 'Mongolia'.[6]

The term Mongol, sometimes written as Mongoul, appears to be directly derived from Magog. In India, for example, Mongol becomes Moghul and a large part of China was known as Mangi when Europeans first visited it. The Arabs called the Scythian tribes of Tartary Ya'jūj and Ma'jūj (Arabic: يأجوج و مأجوج‎) which is Gog and Magog[7] and the Great Wall of China as "the wall of Magog" (Arabic: حائط الماجوج, Haa'it al-Ma'jūj)[8].

Marco Polo, Venetian traveler to the Orient, in the thirteenth century AD, knew that Mungul or Mongol was part of the peoples of Magog. He further understood 'Gog and Magog' to be the names of 'Ung and Mungu' in China.[9]

Where is Magog today? They migrated via southern Russia to their current homeland, leaving behind such place-names as: Mogilev city, Mogiolistan, Mugojar Mountains, and Mogol-Tau Mountains. Among the people of Mongolia, Inner Mongolia, central and much of northern and southern China, Korea, and Japan are descended from Magog. Here are the hundreds of millions of China today. No wonder the name of their ancestor Japheth means "expansion", implying a large or expanding race. Other peoples descended from Magog include the Eskimos and Aleuts whose facial physiognomy is very similar to the Chinese[10] and the Samoyeds (Nentsi) who, although having adopted a Finnic language, are Mongoloid by race.[11] Some American Indians, on the west of the continent and scattered in South America, also descend from Magog.

We also find the Maghs and the town of Magok in Myanmar (Burma), as well as the Mogadok Mountain and the Mogaung river. A tribe known as the Magars live in Nepal. The Lapps are undoubtedly descended, in part, from Magog, while some have mixed with Riphath and in several places appear almost Caucasian.[12] The Lapps were originally called Finns, thus the confusion caused in some books in referring to the Whites of Finland as Finns. They are totally different peoples. One of the rules in studying this type of subject is to understand that ancient nations do not necessarily keep their original name; and sometimes other nations acquire the names of the very nations they displace.

In the fifth to third centuries BC, northern China was divided into several separate kingdoms, constantly battling for supremacy. The Qin or Ch'n controlled the western parts and this may be the origin of the name China. This dynasty was successful in unifying almost all of China by 221 BC. The impact of marauding Mongols restored power to the Han dynasty which stayed in power until 220 AD. after the end of this dynasty, three kingdoms arose, the most northerly found itself exposed to the aggression of the Turkics and others.

In the sixth century, the Sui reunited China and the Great Wall was reconstructed. About 400 years later the Sung dynasty took over almost all of China with the exception of the north which fell to the terrible Genghis Khan (= Perfect Lord) in the thirteenth century. He was first known as Temudshin and somehow managed to unite the various Mongolian, Turkic, Tartar, Uighur, and Kyrgyz tribes. His hordes swept all before them, conquering the Indus, the Euphrates region, the Caucasus and the Black Sea lands. In 1233 AD, he encountered Russian troops and moved relentlessly westwards. Various descendants of his attempted to conquer all of Europe, but failed at the last moment in two cases, due to the sudden death of their leader. But it was left to his grandsons, Kublai Khan, to conquer most of China and to establish a Mongol dynasty with it's capital at Beijing. Under the Mongols, four classes were established:

  • The Mongol elite
  • Turkic peoples, Muslims of the Near East and other Mongols
  • The northern Chinese Han
  • The southern Chinese which they regarded as "barbarians"

Over 300 years later the Ming successfully organized a rebellion against the Mongol rulers and drove them out, establishing their capital at Nanking and later returning it to Beijing. They were in turn overthrown by the Ching dynasty which originated in Manchuria.

Modern China

Today China has just over 1.3 billion people. Yet, according to a census of China about 1 AD comprising almost all of the area which is today still known as China, she had 60 million inhabitants. Although it is thought that this figure may have been underestimated as there were advantages in not being counted.

Today, China, although inhabited in the main by descendants of Magog, also includes some descendants of Gomer, Javan, and Esau. The reader may find The Forgotten Tribes of China by Kevin Sinclair of interest in this area of study.

See Also

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References

  1. Kachur 1975:1-2
  2. Josephus Antiquities 1:6:2
  3. Quoted in Cumming 1864
  4. Quoted in Halley 1965:310
  5. Barton-Payne 1973:367
  6. Milner 1886:ch11
  7. Jones 1807 vol 1:94. See also the Qur'an 21:96.
  8. Haddon (1912:32)
  9. Polo Traveks: 87
  10. Stewart 1973:132
  11. Ripley 1899:360
  12. see photographs of these Lapps in Olsen 1981:38-45

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