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Saint Jerome
St Jerome.jpg

Saint Jerome by Domenico Ghirlandaio
Priest, Confessor, and Doctor of the Church
Born Born::347 AD, Stridon, Dalmatia
Died Died::September 30, 420, Bethlehem, Judea
Venerated in Roman Catholicism
Eastern Orthodoxy
Oriental Orthodoxy
Major shrine Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore, Rome, Italy
Feast September 30 (Western Christianity)
June 15 (Eastern Christianity)
Attributes lion, cardinal attire, cross, skull, trumpet, owl, books, and writing material
Patronage archaeologists, archivists, Bible scholars, librarians, libraries, schoolchildren, students, translators

Saint Jerome (Latin: Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus; Greek: Ευσέβιος Σωφρόνιος Ιερόνυμος, Eusēbios Sophrōnios Hierōnymos) (c. 347Died::September 30, 420) is best known as the translator of the Bible from Greek and Hebrew into Latin. Jerome's edition, the Vulgate, is still the offical biblical text of the Roman Catholic Church. He is recognized by the Roman Catholic Church as a Saint and Doctor of the Church.

In the artistic tradition of the Roman Catholic Church it has been usual to represent him, the patron of theological learning, as a cardinal, by the side of the Bishop Augustine, the Archbishop Ambrose, and the Pope Gregory I. Even when he is depicted as a half-clad anchorite, with cross, skull, and Bible for the only furniture of his cell, the red hat or some other indication of his rank is as a rule introduced somewhere in the picture.


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