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Heth

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'''Heth''' ([[Hebrew]]: '''חת''', ''Chêth''; "[[Name means::warrior]]") was the second son of [[son of::Canaan]] listed in Genesis 10:15.  
+
'''Heth''' ([[Hebrew]]: '''חת''', ''Khēth''; "[[Name means::warrior]]") was the second son of [[son of::Canaan]] and progenitor of the [[Hittites]] ([[Hebrew]]: '''חתים''', ''Khittīm'') first mentioned in Genesis 10:15.  
== Descendants ==
== Descendants ==
=== Hittites and Hattians ===
=== Hittites and Hattians ===
-
He was the progenitor of the [[Hittites|Hittite]] nation, whose name was known to the Assyrians as the ''Khatti''. The Hittites were apparently the first nation to smelt iron. The Armarna tablets contain letters that were sent from the Hittite emperor Subbiluliuma to the Pharoah Amenhotep IV. [[Ramesses II|Rameses II]] also tells us how he engaged the Hittites in what was the earliest recorded battle involving massed chariots. This was the famous battle of Kadesh, and it appears that the Hittites got the better of the [[Egypt]]ian forces. Heth's name was perpetuated in the Hittite capital Hattushash, that is modern Boğazköy in [[Turkey]].
+
He was the progenitor of the [[Hittites|Hittite]] nation, whose name was known to the [[Assyria]]ns as the ''Khatti''. The Hittites were apparently the first nation to smelt iron. The [[Amarna letters|Armarna tablets]] contain letters that were sent from the Hittite king [[Suppiluliuma I]] to the [[Akhenaten|Pharaoh Amenhotep IV]]. [[Ramesses II|Rameses II]] also tells us how he engaged the Hittites in what was the earliest recorded battle involving massed chariots. This was the famous [[Battle of Kadesh]], and it appears that the Hittites got the better of the [[Egypt]]ian forces. Heth's name was perpetuated in the Hittite capital [[Hattusa]], near modern Boğazkale in [[Turkey]].
In time they migrated from [[Palestine]] to Dardania in [[Anatolia|Asia Minor]]. The Indo-Europeans who settled in the territory of these Hittites took their name and applied it to themselves because they were such famous warriors. In the [[Middle East]], three or four racial groups may be identified as Hittites. Many Historians still do not yet understand this:
In time they migrated from [[Palestine]] to Dardania in [[Anatolia|Asia Minor]]. The Indo-Europeans who settled in the territory of these Hittites took their name and applied it to themselves because they were such famous warriors. In the [[Middle East]], three or four racial groups may be identified as Hittites. Many Historians still do not yet understand this:
{{cquote|''Biblical references to Hittites in southern Palestine - Esau marries two Hittite women, for example - remain a puzzle to scholars.'' <ref>"Expeditions", ''Biblical Archaeological Review'', 1998: 77.</ref>}}
{{cquote|''Biblical references to Hittites in southern Palestine - Esau marries two Hittite women, for example - remain a puzzle to scholars.'' <ref>"Expeditions", ''Biblical Archaeological Review'', 1998: 77.</ref>}}
-
The Hittites, previously mentioned, were invaders from [[Anatolia|Asia Minor]], not the original group descended from Heth. Some confuse the Hittites with the Khittites, another group who inhabited Asia Minor. The original Hittites were a dark-skinned people who had a yellow/brown skin tone. They were related to the Minoans, probably through intermarriage. In [[Egypt]]ian monuments the original Hittite people were depicted with prominent noses, straight or hawked who were
+
The Hittites, previously mentioned, were invaders from [[Anatolia|Asia Minor]], not the original group descended from Heth. Some confuse the Hittites with the Khittites, another group who inhabited Asia Minor. The original Hittites were a dark-skinned people who had a yellow/brown skin tone. They were related to the [[Minoan civilization|Minoans]], probably through intermarriage. In [[Egypt]]ian monuments the original Hittite people were depicted with prominent noses, straight or hawked who were
{{cquote|''somewhat proud, with full lips, the cheek-bones high, the eyebrows fairly prominent, the forehead receding like the chin, and the face hairless ... The hair is black, the eyes dark brown.'' }}
{{cquote|''somewhat proud, with full lips, the cheek-bones high, the eyebrows fairly prominent, the forehead receding like the chin, and the face hairless ... The hair is black, the eyes dark brown.'' }}
-
{{cquote|''The skin colour varied from brown to yellowish and reddish [because of the racial stocks being confused by writers?]. Greek tradition insists the people were warlike, rude people, known for their frenzied dances and music.'' <ref>(Hoeh: 1969:2:28.)</ref> }}
+
{{cquote|''The skin colour varied from brown to yellowish and reddish'' [because of the racial stocks being confused by writers?]. ''Greek tradition insists the people were warlike, rude people, known for their frenzied dances and music.'' <ref>(Hoeh: 1969:2:28.)</ref> }}
=== Sioux ===
=== Sioux ===
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The only dark people anywhere on the face of this planet bearing the name Hatti or Chatti (that is, Hittites) are amongst the American Indians. The white man first encountered them in [[New England]] and in the plains of [[America]]. The inter-tribal name of the plains confederation of the Indians was "Chatti". The main tribe was the Sioux, living in both North and South Dakota. They are an exception to the rule that the American Indians are brachycephalic (i.e. round-headed), a characteristic of [[Mongoloid race|Mongoloids]] - the Sioux are actually long-headed (dolichocephalic). Their features are quite different too. For example, their noses are hooked and longer than most Indians.
+
The only dark people anywhere on the face of this planet bearing the name Hatti or Chatti (that is, Hittites) are amongst the [[Indigenous peoples of the Americas|American Indians]]. [[Europe|Europeans]] first encountered them in [[New England]] and in the plains of [[United States of America|America]]. The inter-tribal name of the plains confederation of the Indians was "Chatti". The main tribe was the [[Sioux]], living in both [[North Dakota|North]] and [[South Dakota]]. Even today, they call themselves ''Očhéti Šakówį''. They are an exception to the rule that the American Indians are brachycephalic (i.e. round-headed), a characteristic of [[Mongoloid race|Mongoloids]] - the Sioux are actually long-headed (dolichocephalic). Their features are quite different too. For example, their noses are hooked and longer than most Indians.
-
Further, the name "Heth" (whence "Hittite" is derived), means "Warrior". The Sioux were commonly called "braves" which means "warriors"
+
Further, the name "Heth" (whence "Hittite" is derived), means "Warrior". The Sioux were commonly called "braves" which means "warriors".
-
We know that some Hittites mixed with their Indo-European conquerers. This is probably the reason why some of the Indians of North Dakota had blonde hair.
+
We know that some Hittites mixed with their Indo-European conquerers. This is probably the reason why some of the Indians of North Dakota had [[blond hair]].
-
A final point to mention is that the line of descent of the Canaanitish tribes were always counted through women (i.e. they possessed a matriarchy). The Mohawk, Mohican or Iroquois Indians had old women as ruling chiefs. Sometimes, of course, they had men rulers because they went to war, women figured very prominently. Another clue may be the K'nai'a Khotanta Indians in Alaska. Their name may derive, in part, from [[Canaan]].
+
A final point to mention is that the line of descent of the Canaanitish tribes were always counted through women (i.e. they possessed a matriarchy). The [[Mohawk people|Mohawk]], [[Mahican]] or [[Iroquois]] Indians had old women as ruling chiefs. Sometimes, of course, they had men rulers because they went to war, women figured very prominently. Another clue may be the K'nai-a Khotána Indians in [[Alaska]]. Their name may derive, in part, from [[Canaan]].
== See Also ==
== See Also ==
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* [[Canaan]]
* [[Canaan]]
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{{Bible portal}}
== References ==
== References ==
{{reflist|2}}
{{reflist|2}}
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* [http://www.originofnations.org/insearchof_originofnations/index.html In Search of ... the Origin of Nations] by C.M. White. History Research Projects 2003.
* [http://www.originofnations.org/insearchof_originofnations/index.html In Search of ... the Origin of Nations] by C.M. White. History Research Projects 2003.
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{{Bible portal}}
 
{{Bible navbox}}
{{Bible navbox}}
[[Category:Old Testament person]]
[[Category:Old Testament person]]
[[Category:Biblical person]]
[[Category:Biblical person]]
[[Category:Genealogy]]
[[Category:Genealogy]]

Revision as of 22:52, 26 November 2009

Heth (Hebrew: חת, Khēth; "warrior") was the second son of Canaan and progenitor of the Hittites (Hebrew: חתים, Khittīm) first mentioned in Genesis 10:15.

Contents

Descendants

Hittites and Hattians

He was the progenitor of the Hittite nation, whose name was known to the Assyrians as the Khatti. The Hittites were apparently the first nation to smelt iron. The Armarna tablets contain letters that were sent from the Hittite king Suppiluliuma I to the Pharaoh Amenhotep IV. Rameses II also tells us how he engaged the Hittites in what was the earliest recorded battle involving massed chariots. This was the famous Battle of Kadesh, and it appears that the Hittites got the better of the Egyptian forces. Heth's name was perpetuated in the Hittite capital Hattusa, near modern Boğazkale in Turkey.

In time they migrated from Palestine to Dardania in Asia Minor. The Indo-Europeans who settled in the territory of these Hittites took their name and applied it to themselves because they were such famous warriors. In the Middle East, three or four racial groups may be identified as Hittites. Many Historians still do not yet understand this:

Biblical references to Hittites in southern Palestine - Esau marries two Hittite women, for example - remain a puzzle to scholars. [1]

The Hittites, previously mentioned, were invaders from Asia Minor, not the original group descended from Heth. Some confuse the Hittites with the Khittites, another group who inhabited Asia Minor. The original Hittites were a dark-skinned people who had a yellow/brown skin tone. They were related to the Minoans, probably through intermarriage. In Egyptian monuments the original Hittite people were depicted with prominent noses, straight or hawked who were

somewhat proud, with full lips, the cheek-bones high, the eyebrows fairly prominent, the forehead receding like the chin, and the face hairless ... The hair is black, the eyes dark brown.
The skin colour varied from brown to yellowish and reddish [because of the racial stocks being confused by writers?]. Greek tradition insists the people were warlike, rude people, known for their frenzied dances and music. [2]

Sioux

The only dark people anywhere on the face of this planet bearing the name Hatti or Chatti (that is, Hittites) are amongst the American Indians. Europeans first encountered them in New England and in the plains of America. The inter-tribal name of the plains confederation of the Indians was "Chatti". The main tribe was the Sioux, living in both North and South Dakota. Even today, they call themselves Očhéti Šakówį. They are an exception to the rule that the American Indians are brachycephalic (i.e. round-headed), a characteristic of Mongoloids - the Sioux are actually long-headed (dolichocephalic). Their features are quite different too. For example, their noses are hooked and longer than most Indians.

Further, the name "Heth" (whence "Hittite" is derived), means "Warrior". The Sioux were commonly called "braves" which means "warriors".

We know that some Hittites mixed with their Indo-European conquerers. This is probably the reason why some of the Indians of North Dakota had blond hair.

A final point to mention is that the line of descent of the Canaanitish tribes were always counted through women (i.e. they possessed a matriarchy). The Mohawk, Mahican or Iroquois Indians had old women as ruling chiefs. Sometimes, of course, they had men rulers because they went to war, women figured very prominently. Another clue may be the K'nai-a Khotána Indians in Alaska. Their name may derive, in part, from Canaan.

See Also

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References

  1. "Expeditions", Biblical Archaeological Review, 1998: 77.
  2. (Hoeh: 1969:2:28.)

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